Prof Jakub Urbaniak
"Everything will be all right in the end... if it's not all right then it's not the end."
NRF rating: Y2
Postgraduate level (30-hour courses): Philosophy of Religion, General Survey of Theology, Christology
Undergraduate level (56-hour courses): Fundamental Theology, Ecclessiology, Church History (Reformation Period), Buddhist-Christian Dialogue, Christian Ethics, Introduction to Philosophy, Philosophy of God, Philosophy of Religion
Short courses (12-hour courses): Do we still Need that 'Hypothesis'? Modern Challenges to the Christian Belief in God / Suffering: A Problem or a Mystery? Buddhism and Christianity on the Human Predicament / 'How Can a Loving God Allow This?' God, Evil, Suffering / Evil and the God of Love / Logical Thinking and the Art of Argumentation
Jakub Urbaniak was born and raised in Poznan, Poland. After receiving his Master’s degree in Theology from Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, he was granted a three-year scholarship for full-time research by the French Government (co-tutelle / supervised) on completion of which he was awarded a doctorate in Philosophy of Religion (DPhil) at the European University of Brittany in Brest, France, and in Theology (DTh) at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poland (October 2009). His doctoral thesis was devoted to a Romanian existentialist thinker and aphorist Emil Cioran who considered himself a basically non-believing and a basically religious character; more specifically the project was aimed at examining Cioran’s personal grappling with Buddhism and Christianity as well as its multiple traces and implications in his writings.
Since 2010 Jakub has been working through FIDESCO, a French Catholic NGO, as a volunteer at St Augustine College of South Africa. In 2013, after his volunteer’s contract had ended, he was offered a full-time teaching position at St Augustine’s, which he joyfully accepted. Thus South Africa has become his new home. Currently, he is also a research fellow at the Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State. In 2015, he has been awarded the NRF rating Y2 ("promising young researcher"). In January 2016 he accepted the position of editor-in-chief of St Augustine Papers, the official journal of St Augustine College.
In addition, in January 2013, he has been granted a Vice-Chancellor’s Postdoctoral Research Fellowship at the Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria. Thus he engaged in a broader research project entitled Human Rights and Religious Diversity within the Contemporary South African Context (2013-2016). His own contribution to that project had to do with Hans Küng’s Christian universalism in dialogue with modern theologies of religious pluralism. His research over the recent years has oscillated around the questions raised by a global ecumenism, i.e., a new consciousness, primarily among believers of different religions, that stems from their shared responsibility for the future of Humanity and Earth as well as from their particular faith-perspectives, as lived and interpreted in a myriad of cultural-social contexts. While his underlying diagnosis of this cultural-religious phenomenon, with all its inherent potentials and threats, remains consistent, his perspective on it has evolved: he moved from an interfaith (notably a Buddhist-Christian and a Christian-Muslim) focus, through a fundamental-existentialist focus (in particular the issue of fundamental trust), to a theological-ethical focus, which is evident in his most recent research on the theological foundations for what he came to call a 'glocal ecumenism'. He believes that this research has a potential to stimulate a supra-confessional and supra-religious dialogue among theologians, philosophers of religion and religious studies scholars.
His areas of research interest include, inter alia, Theology of Religions (esp. Hans Küng's reflection on the foundations of global ecumenism and theology of religious pluralism by Jacques Dupuis); Interfaith Dialogue (esp. Buddhist-Christian dialogue and, in particular, varying interpretations of suffering in those two traditions); Fundamental Theology (esp. David Tracy's notion of 'analogical imagination' and John Caputo's 'weak theology'); Philosophy of Religion (esp. encounter between faith and unfaith, secular interpretations of religious classics – e.g., Alain Badiou's reading of St Paul, quasi-religious experiences of an unbeliever – e.g., Emil Cioran's 'downwards path to salvation', etc.); Continental Philosophy (esp. Christian Existentialism & Hermeneutics); as well as Alternative (literary and film) worlds and their theological-religious potential.
Recently, thanks to a number of encounters with Black, Feminist and Queer African theologians, his 'contextual turn' has been catalysed. His current research focuses on the category of 'life' as a hermeneutic key to bridging the gap between ecological theologies & contextual/liberation theologies, with their various social-political emphases.
Apart from teaching and research, his passion for ecumenical and interfaith dialogue as well as for 'glocal ecumenism' finds outlet in his collaboration with the Kairos Southern Africa, Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, the Jesuit Institute South Africa, the Wijngaards Institute for Catholic Research and the Turquoise Harmony Institute.
2013-2014: Postdoctoral Research Fellowship (Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria)
2009: PhD (l'Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest) *** with distinction
2009: DTh (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan) *** with distinction
2006-2009: Doctoral interdisciplinary research in Philosophy of Religion & Theology of Religions (l'Université de Bretagne Occidentale / Adam Mickiewicz University: co-tutelle / co-supervision)
2006: MTh (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan) *** with distinction
2004-2005: Erasmus (one year scholarship): Theology (l'Université Catholique de l’Ouest, Angers – FR)
2002-2006: Master studies in Theology (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan)
2002: Metric (majoring in Philosophy & Human Sciences) *** with distinction
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS
2017. "Theologians and anger in the age of fallism: Towards a revolution of African love." Black Theology: An International Journal 15(2):1-25, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14769948.2017.1313643 [International Scopus-rated]
2017. "Faith of an angry people: Mapping a renewed prophetic theology in South Africa." Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 157 [in publication]. [local ISI-rated]
2016. "Probing the 'global Reformed Christ' of Nico Koopman: An African-Kairos perspective." Stellenbosch Theological Journal 2(2): 495-538, http://ojs.reformedjournals.co.za/index.php/stj/article/view/1396/1940. [DHET-accredited]
2016. "Holiness without the HOLY ONE(s): Towards an 'evental' account of holiness." HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 72(4), a3485. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v72i4.3485. [local ISI-rated]
Duncan, G. & Urbaniak, J. 2016. "The ecclesial notion of 'family' v. the real families today: Evaluation of the initial findings of the 2014 Synod of Catholic Bishops." Stellenbosch Theological Journal 2(1):149-176. http://ojs.reformedjournals.co.za/index.php/stj/article/view/1327/1853. [DHET-accredited]
Urbaniak J. & Otu E. 2016, "How to expect God's reign to come: From Jesus' through the ecclesial to the cosmic body." HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 72(4), a3380. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v72i4.3380. [local ISI-rated]
Urbaniak J. & Otu E., 2016, ‘The dynamics of God’s reign as a hermeneutic key to Jesus’ eschatological expectation’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 72(1), a3232. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v72i1.3232. [local ISI-rated]
2015. "Christ-event in Tracy and Badiou: Towards a critical conversation." The Heythrop Journal 56(6): 988-1009. [international ISI-rated]
2015. "Religions as a source of (dis)order." Acta Theologica 35(2): 153‑171. [local ISI-rated]
2015. "Memories as religion: What can the broken continuity of tradition bring about? − Part two." HTS Teologiese Studies/ Theological Studies 71(3), Art. #2933, 10 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.2933. [local ISI-rated]
2015. "Religion as memory: How has the continuity of tradition produced collective meanings? – Part one." HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 71(3), Art. #2815, 8 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v71i3.2815. [local ISI-rated]
2014. "From religionless Christianity to immanent grace: Bonhoeffer’s legacy in Badiou." Journal of Religion 94(4): 457-484. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/677288. [international ISI-rated]
2014. "Liberation as a Correlate of Religiosity: A Christian-Muslim Perspective on Fundamental Trust." Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 25(4): 451-469. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09596410.2014.939809. [international ISI-rated]
2014. "Suffering in the mystical traditions of Buddhism and Christianity." HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 70(1), Art. #2117, 9 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v70i1.2117. [local ISI-rated]
2014. "Freed by trust, to believe together: Pursuing Global Ecumenism with Küng and Tracy." HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies 70(1), Art. #2047, 9 pages. http://hts.org.za/index.php/HTS/article/view/2047. [local ISI-rated]
2016. "What makes christology in a post-apartheid South Africa engaged and prophetic? Comparative study of Koopman and Maluleke." In: Venter, R (ed.). Theological disciplines and the (post)apartheid condition: Genealogies and future directions. Bloemfontein: University of the Free State: Theological explorations, vol. 1, 125-155. [peer-reviewed]
2013. "Suffering: A problem or a mystery? Buddhist and Christian approaches to the human predicament." In: Mothoagae, I.D. and Prior, A.L. (eds.). Tradition: Fixed and mobile. Essays in honour of Rev. Prof. Rodney Moss. Pretoria: Research Institute for Theology and Religion, UNISA, 213-234. [peer-reviewed]
2013. "Dukkha – Passio: Buddhist and Christian Meanings of Suffering in the Context of Mystical Experience." In Kachappilly, K. (ed.). Mystic Musings in religions: Selected papers from the international conference 'Mysticism without Bounds'. New Delhi: Christian World Imprints, 21-52.
2008. "Where is sacrum, where profanum? Controversies around hierophany in Christian experience."
In Kucza, G., Wita, G. Antropologia miejscem spotkania i dialogu międzyreligijnego [Anthropology as a locus for interreligious encounter and dialogue]. Katowice: Ksiegarnia sw. Jacka, 208-224.
2017. "Grooving with people's rage: Public and black theology's attempts at revolutionising African love." The Black Theology Papers Project (U.S.A.) [in publication].
2008. "Controversies over the notion 'religious experience' in the context of Buddhist-Christian dialogue." Filozofia religii [Philosophy of Religion], vol. 4: Doświadczenie religijne jako problem filozofii religii i teologii [Religious experience as a philosophical and theological problem]. Wydzial Teologiczny, Adam Mickiewicz University, 61-74.
2007. "The meaning of the cultural-religious context in bio-ethical questions: The vision of old age and death in Buddhism and Christianity." Studie z bioetiky [Bio-ethical Studies], vol. 2: Etika v biomedicíně a biotechnice [Ethics in biomedicine and biotechnology]. České Budějovice: Jihočeská univerzita v Českých Budějovicích, Zdravotně sociální fakulta, 69-81.
2014. Treasure in the field: Salvation in the Bible and in our lives. Krieg, R.A. Reviewed in: Spiritus 14(2), 273-275.
2014. Contextualisation and mission training: Engaging Asia's religious worlds. Ingleby, J. San, T.K. Ling, T.L. (eds.). Reviewed in: Dialogue 53(3), 268-270.
2014. Contextualisation and mission training: Engaging Asia's religious worlds. Ingleby, J. San, T.K. Ling, T.L. (eds.). Reviewed in: Missionalia: Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41(2), 211-220.
2013. Why tolerate religion? Leiter, B. Reviewed in: Sophia 52(4), 719-721.
2013. Ecclesiology and exclusion: Boundaries of being and belonging in postmodern times. Doyle D. Furry, T. Bazzell P. (eds.). Reviewed in: Theological Studies 74(4), 1004-1006.
2013. Treasure in the field: Salvation in the Bible and in our lives. Krieg, R.A. Reviewed in: Acta Theologica 33(2), 297-300.
2013. Why tolerate religion? Leiter, B. Reviewed in: Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae. Vol. XXXIX, 391-392.
2013. Jesus of Nazareth: What he wanted, who he was. Lohfink, G. Reviewed in: Journal of Theology for Southern Africa, 145, 110-112.
2013. Jesus of Nazareth: What he wanted, who he was. Lohfink, G. Reviewed in: Grace and Truth, 30(1), 64-66.
2013. W obronie wiary. C. S. Lewisa argumenty na rzecz chrzescijanstwa. Poznan: Wydawnictwo Swiety Wojciech. Polish translation of Richard Purtill's C.S. Lewis' case for the Christian faith. San Francisco: Harper & Row (2004).
2010. Byc mezczyzna. Strategia duchowego rozwoju. Poznan: Wydawnictwo Swiety Wojciech. Polish translation of Larry Richards' Be a man! Becoming the man God created you to be. San Francisco: Ignatius Press (2009).
2008. Jezus - Budda. Mozliwy dialog?. Poznan: Wydawnictwo Swiety Wojciech. Polish translation of Dennis Gira's & Fabrice Midal's Jésus-Bouddha. Quelle rencontre possible?. Paris: Bayard (2006).
2008. Seksualnosc wedlug Jana Pawla II. Poznan: Wydawnictwo Swiety Wojciech. Polish translation of Yves Semen's Sexualité selon Jean-Paul II. Paris: Presses de la renaissance (2004).
"Between deep incarnation and an African Jesus: Maluleke's quest for an embodied christology." UFS Theological Explorations.
"Elitist, populist or prophetic? Musings on public theologising in democratic South Africa: Comparative study of Koopman and Maluleke." The International Journal of Public Theology.
WORK IN PROGRESS
A religious non-believer: Emil Cioran's grappling with Buddhism & Christianity [book based on the doctoral dissertation].
OTHER SCHOLARLY CONTRIBUTIONS
- Postdoctoral Research Fellowship at the Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria (2013-2014) – Faculty Research Project: Human Rights and Religious Diversity within the Contemporary South African Context – My contribution to the project: Hans Küng's Christian Universalism in dialogue with Modern Theologies of Religious Pluralism – under the mentorship of Prof Graham Duncan and Prof Johan Buitendag
SUPERVISION & EXAMINATION
Supervision – MPhil in Theology:
- Andrew Ogbu Onazi: Christ as symbol-icon-sacrament: A mutually critical conversation between Haight, Marion and Schillebeeckx (St Augustine College – due to graduate in 2017)
Sarah Piketh: Gutiérrez’s Expressivist Theory of Action as understood by Lewis: A study of Vanier’s L’Arche (St Augustine College – graduated in 2016) * co-supervision with Dr Judith Coyle
Elijah B. Otu: The dynamics of God's reign as a hermeneutic key to Jesus' eschatological expectation (St Augustine College – graduated in 2015)
Charles Uloko: A critique of the christological implications in Jacques Dupuis' religious pluralism (St Augustine College – graduated in 2014)
Linus Nwagbo: Catholic teaching on withdrawing artificial support systems with reference to the case of Terri Schiavo (St Augustine College – graduated in 2011)
Antonia Kruger-Ayebazibwe: What would a queer spirituality, situated in a Southern African context, look like? (St Augustine College – in process) * co-supervision with Dr Judith Coyle
Aline Johnson: The Catholic view of the 'indissolubility of marriage' reconsidered in light of Amoris Laetitia: Probing Eastern Orthodox and Jewish insights on God and marriage (St Augustine College – in process) * co-supervision with Dr Nontando Hadebe
Eric S.E. Dlangamandla: A critique of Hick’s interpretation of Irenaeus’ view of the problem of evil (St Augustine College – in process) * co-supervision with Dr Jaco Kruger
- Mr Richard M. Pretorius: Molinism and Divine Aseity: A Review of Ontological Commitment (Stellenbosch University, Faculty of Theology – 2017) * Master of Theology
- Prof Corneliu C. Simut: The Making of Contemporary Catholic Radicalism: Hans Küng, Edward Schillebeeckx, and Vito Mancuso (University of Pretoria, Faculty of Theology – 2013) * Doctor of Divinity by virtue of publications
- Msokoli William Leleki: A Critical Response of the English Speaking Churches to the Introduction and Implementation of Bantu Education Act in South Africa, University of Pretoria, Faculty of Theology, 2014 (member of the doctoral defense panel) * Doctor of Philosophy
- Lauren Matthew: Are there similarities between Jacques Derrida's ideas about deconstruction and "differance" and the apophatic tradition as expressed in the writings of Meister Eckhart? (University of KwaZulu-Natal – 2011) * BTh(Hons)
- External Examination for Theology Programme at the University of KwaZulu-Natal (on a regular basis since 2012) * BTh & BTh(Hons)
- Reviewer for HTS Teologiese Studies/ Theological Studies, Missionalia, Grace and Truth, Acta Theologica (on a regular basis)
Participation in conferences & workshops
Selected papers presented at conferences:
- "Faith of an angry people: A voice from South Africa" (Fordham University, New York, 1 Dec 2016)
- "Grooving with people's rage: Public and Black Theology's attempts at revolutionising African love" (Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion, San Antonio, Texas, 19-22 November 2016)
- "Public and Black Theology's takes on justice and reconciliation: Comparative study of Koopman and Maluleke" (Democracy and Social Justice in Glocal Contexts, Consultation of the Global Network for Public Theology, Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study in South Africa [STIAS], Stellenbosch University, 24-26 October 2016).
- "Between deep incarnation and an African Jesus: Maluleke's quest for an embodied christology", (Colloquium on Making sense of Jesus: Experiences, interpretations and identities, Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 20-21 October 2016).
- "Faith of an angry people: Mapping a renewed prophetic theology in South Africa": Third Joint Conference of Academic Societies in the fields of Religion and Theology (Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria, 11-15 July 2016)
- "What makes Christology in a post-apartheid South Africa engaged and prophetic? Comparative study of Koopman and Maluleke": Theological Disciplines and the (Post)Apartheid Condition, A Research Seminar (Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 10 June 2016)
- "Holiness without the holy ONE(s): Towards an evental account of holiness": HOLINESS: On the holy, the Holy One, sanctification and saints, the Second Bi-annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Christian Spirituality (St Augustine College, Johannesburg: 20-23 May 2015)
- "'Christ-Event' as a religious and a philosophical category in Tracy and Badiou": The Annual Conference of the Philosophical Society of Southern Africa (Bloemfontein, 20-22 January 2014)
- "Religions as a source of (dis)order": Order and Disorder in the Age of Globalization(s): Philosophy and the Development of Cultures, COMIUCAP World Congress (St Augustine College, Johannesburg: 13-17 November 2013)
- "Liberation as a correlate of religiosity: A Christian-Muslim perspective on fundamental trust": The Paradox of Liberation and Religion, Conference of the Australian Association for the Study of Religions (University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia: 2-4 October 2013)
- "Religion as Memory – Memory as Religion": Memory: Impressions, Expressions, Reflections (Department of English Studies, UNISA, Pretoria: 28-30 March 2012)
- "Dukkha – Passio: Buddhist and Christian meanings of suffering in the context of mystical experience": Mysticism without Bounds (Bangalore, India: 5-8 January 2011)
Conferences & workshops attended since 2010 (moving to South Africa):
A Community of Persons? Reading Sanctorum Communio in a time like this: Bonhoeffer Consultation (Stellenbosch University, 10-11 August 2016)
Christianity and Islam: Sacred texts in a time of violence: Volmoed Colloquium (Hermanus, 7-9 August 2016)
Faith and South African Realities: Third Joint Conference of Academic Societies in the fields of Religion and Theology (Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria, 11-15 July 2016)
Theological Disciplines and the (Post)Apartheid Condition (Research workshop at the Faculty of Theology, University of the Free State, 10 June 2016)
Convening on Homophobia and the Churches in Africa (Pietermaritzburg, 7-8 April 2016)
Bonhoeffer and the Global South: Reception and Contemporary and Future Challenges: Bonhoeffer Consultation (Stellenbosch University, 30 September – 2 October 2015)
The Challenge of Prophetic Theology for Doing Theology Today: Volmoed Colloquium (Hermanus, 27-29 September 2015)
Creation, Consciousness and Christology: Evolutionary Perspectives: South African Science & Religion Forum (UNISA, Pretoria, 16-18 September 2015)
Identifying your Research Niche and Getting Started with Research Plans: Structured Training for African Researchers [STARS] by the Association of Commonwealth Universities [ACU] (University of Pretoria, 11 September 2015)
Dangerous Memory and Hope for the Future: Kairos 30th Anniversary Conference (University of Johannesburg, 17-20 August 2015)
Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion (San Diego, 22-25 November 2014)
Annual General Meeting of the Spirituality Association of South Africa [SPIRASA] (UNISA, Pretoria, 11 August 2014)
Vice-Chancellor and Principal's Workshops for Young Academic Employees (University of Pretoria, 19 March 2014)
Writing for Impact: Setting the Hook (University of Pretoria Early Career Researcher Programme, 6 November 2013)
Supervision: Practitioner’s insights on good supervision (University of Pretoria Early Career Researcher Programme, 30 October 2013)
DST/NRF Postdoctoral Fellowship Funding: Information Support Session (University of Pretoria, 23 July 2013)
Research Orientation Workshop: Funding & Research Africa Information Session (University of Pretoria Early Career Researcher Programme, 9 May 2013)
Research Orientation Workshop: Write Winning Grant Applications for Research (University of Pretoria Early Career Researcher Programme, 6 February 2013)
The Legacy of Vatican II (Koinonia, Johannesburg: 10-12 September 2012)
Caritas in Veritate. The Social Doctrine of the Church: Leaven for Integral Development (Accra, Ghana, 26-29 September 2010)
"Eat the Scroll" (Rev. 10:9): Scripture’s Challenge to Church and Society (St Augustine College, Johannesburg: 20-22 September 2010)
New Directions in Economics and Ethics: towards a New World Order (Parktown, Johannesburg: 15-16 September 2010)
Many Faces of Jesus: Short course by Prof Gerald O’Collins, SJ (Jesuit Institute’s Theological Winter School, Mazenod Centre, Germiston: 20-22 July 2010)
Conferences organised at St Augustine College:
HOLINESS: On the Holy, the Holy One, Sanctification and Saints (Bi-annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Christian Spirituality, 20-23 May 2015)
Order and Disorder in the Age of Globalization(s): Philosophy and the Development of Cultures (COMIUCAP World Congress & General Assembly, 13-17 November 2013)
Humanities and Social Sciences in an African Context: Education for Life (1-3 November 2012)
Spiritual Direction in the African Context (24-27 June 2012)
Faith in the face of Secularism (28-31 August 2011)
Membership of national and international bodies
- Kairos Southern Africa – active supporter
- Wijngaards Institute for Catholic Research - a founding member of a new independent Theological Advisory Committee
- The South African Science and Religion Forum – member
- Catholic Theological Society of Southern Africa – member
- Jesuit Institute South Africa – collaboration in organising conferences and events
- University Choir at St Augustine College (2010-2013) – conductor
GUEST TALKS & PRESENTATIONS
- Bryanston Catholic Church (November 2016), Rosebank Parish Justice & Peace Group (October 2015) & St Augustine College (August 2015): Eco-theology according to Pope Francis: Theological Foundations & Themes of Laudato Si'
St Dominic's College, Welkom (July 2015): From Knowledge to Wisdom (a 9-hour philosophical workshop for the metric students and teachers)
Ongoing Formation of Clergy, Archdiocese of Johannesburg (November 2012): Key Perspectives from Vatican II: Apostolicam Actuositatem
Men of God – Formation Session (September 2011): Where is sacrum, where profanum?
Newman Society in Port Elizabeth (October 2010): "Where is God?" The Sacred / Secular Distinction in Christian Theology and Outlook
Recently inspired by:
- "Child of peace, where will we find you?"
- "Proclaimed in hopeful visions.
Promised in unlikely friendships.
Hidden in forgotten spaces.
Discovered in mysterious encounters.
Born in humble places.
Treasured by eager hearts.
Revealed to wisdom seekers. Amen."
[From the liturgy at the Rondebosch United Church, 20 Dec 2015; courtesy of Robert Steiner]
Nothing is more practical than finding God, than falling in Love in a quite absolute, final way.
What you are in love with, what seizes your imagination, will affect everything.
It will decide what will get you out of bed in the morning, what you do with your evenings,
how you spend your weekends, what you read, whom you know, what breaks your heart,
and what amazes you with joy and gratitude. Fall in Love, stay in love, and it will decide everything.
Fr Pedro Arrupe, SJ (1907-1991)
INTRODUCTION TO THEOLOGY (SYTH103): MATERIALS FOR STUDENTS